宋元时期中国远程贸易的德化瓷在泰国南部塞丁普拉遗址的发现(一)

小陶陶 2021-12-10 16:21:55   1883
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文章摘要:外国人眼中的“中国白”|宋元时期中国远程贸易的德化瓷在泰国南部塞丁普拉遗址的发现(一)(作者:詹尼斯・斯达加特 翻译:孙延燕)

编者按:

2011年11月,由北京故宫博物院、中国古陶瓷学会、福建省文物局、德化县人民政府共同主办的“2011中国瓷都・德化窑学术研讨会”在瓷都德化举办,近百位国内外博物馆馆长、从事陶瓷文化研究的专家学者齐聚瓷都德化,以“中国白的故乡、瓷艺术的摇篮”为主题,共同研讨深厚的德化窑陶瓷文化。

研讨会共提交专题论文39篇,其中不乏外国专家的作品。与会的专家学者以翔实的图文史料为佐证,从学术专业的角度对德化窑在国内外陶瓷文化领域的历史地位和影响做了全面深刻的阐述,是一笔难得的、丰硕的学术成果。

近期,《外国人眼中的“中国白”》栏目将再次回顾刊载该研讨会的相关论文,并对其中的论文进行翻译,为广大德化陶瓷文化研究爱好者提供学习、交流、参考。

Dehua Ceramics in Long-distance Trade in the Song- Yuan period: excavations at Satingpra, South Thailand(一)

Janice Stargardt  翻译:孙延燕

Plan:

Satingpra sites: location, character, chronology

Overall Sequence of imported wares

Chinese ceramics typology and chronological sequence

Dehua ceramics as part of high-grade corpus of luxury objects in two way trade-the special role of small lidded boxes and the incense trade.

Strategic overview of location and significance of the Satingpra sites:

For China portal to Indian Ocean;

For India short-cut and exit into South China Sea;

Rise of Malacca after the destruction of Satingpra.

研究计划:

塞丁普拉遗址(泰):地理位置,特点,年代

进口瓷的总体顺序

中国器类型学和年代顺序

德化瓷作为奢侈品贸易的组成部分体现在的两方面:小盖盒所扮演的特殊地位和香料贸易

塞丁普拉遗址地理位置和重要性的基本概述:

中国到印度洋的入口

进入印度的捷径与进入南中国海的出口

塞丁普拉遗址毁灭后马六甲海峡的兴起

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to delineate a part of China's long-distance maritime trade with South East Asia in the period from the mid-10h to the mid-14th century. This will be done by delineating the special role in it played by a particular type of Dehua ceramics of that period and also consider the other Chinese ceramics excavated by the author at Satingpra in South Thailand. The citadel of Satingpra has yielded the highest total number of Chinese ceramics found in South East Asia to date, among them a remarkable presence of high quality wares from the Ou, Longquan, Dehua and Jingdezhen kilns and none of the low-grade Chinese trade ware, copies of these kilns so typical of other South East Asian trading sites.

Satingpra was both an ancient royal city and a former port on the east coast of South Thailand in the South China Sea. It was the principal site in an archaeological cluster of nine dependant sites along the east coast, with additional, closely related sites along the west coast near Trang and Paliang The author of this paper conducted environmental surveys, pollen coring and excavations there for 25 years, starting in 1971. They revealed the following key features: the location of the sites on a narrow part of peninsular Thailand that facilitated trans-isthmian crossings: the rainforest there undergoes a transition from the wet, evergreen forest of Malaysia to the semi-evergreen forest of Thailand. This is the famous Isthmus of Kra and botanically constitutes then Kra Ecotone In that ecotone grow some of the most valuable incenses of South East Asia, which were very highly priced in Song China. Their contribution to the maritime trade between South East Asia and South China explains the exceptionally high quality and high density of the Chinese ceramics sent here as well as the morphology of the finest ceramic types.

摘要

本篇论文致力于描绘10世纪中期到14世纪中期中国与东南亚地区远程海上贸易部分。这种描述将通过作者在泰国南部塞丁普拉遗址发掘的那一时期德化陶瓷的特殊器型以及其他一些中国陶瓷器它们所扮演的特殊用途来进行。塞丁普拉堡寨出土了至今为止在东南亚地区发现的数量最多的中国陶瓷。他们当中有来自于中国瓯窑、龙泉窑、德化窑、景德镇窑等高品质瓷器的典型代表。塞丁普拉曾经是一座位于南中国海泰国东海岸的皇家古城和老港口。另外塞丁普拉是泰国东海岸九个相关联的重要的考古遗址之一,靠近西海岸的董里和马里昂。本文的作者从1971年开始对此地进行了长达25年的环境学调査、植物花粉分析和考古发掘。揭示出以下一些要点:一、泰国半岛狭小地带的地理位置促进了跨地峡之间的交往;二、那里的热带雨林呈现出由马来西亚常绿雨林向泰国半常绿雨林的过渡。这就是著名的科勒地峡,从植物学上讲,称科勒交错群落。在那个独特的交错群落种植了许多东南亚地区最为珍贵的香料,而曾被宋代的中国视为宝地。东南亚与中国南部地区海上贸易的贡献在大量销往这一地区的高品质的中国瓷器中得到了最生动的体现,堪称精湛的中国瓷器形态学。

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